fbpx
Weather Icon
Κούβα , Πρόσωπα 28 Νοέμβριος 2016

Όταν η CIA προσπαθεί να σε δολοφονήσει 638 φορές, αλλά εσύ επιλέγεις να πεθαίνεις με τους δικούς σου όρους στα 90

Όταν η CIA προσπαθεί να σε δολοφονήσει 638 φορές, αλλά εσύ επιλέγεις να πεθαίνεις με τους δικούς σου όρους στα 90
Ηγέτης
της κουβανικής επανάστασης και πρώην πρόεδρος της Κούβας, ο Φιντέλ
Κάστρο, ο οποίος επέζησε από 638 απόπειρες δολοφονίας, απεβίωσε σε ηλικία
90 ετών.


Ο Φιντέλ Κάστρο κρατά μια εφημερίδα με τίτλο την ανακάλυψη μιας απόπειρας να τον σκοτώσει, κατά τη διάρκεια επίσκεψης στη Νέα Υόρκη τον Απρίλιο του 1959 (Φωτογραφία: Corbis / Bettmann)
“Ο ηγέτης της κουβανικής επανάστασης και πρώην πρόεδρος της Κούβας, Φιντέλ Κάστρο, πέθανε στο 91ο έτος της ζωής του”, ο πρόεδρος του Συμβουλίου του Κράτους και του Υπουργικού Συμβουλίου,  αδελφός του εκλιπόντος,  Ραούλ Κάστρο  κάνει δήλωση στη κουβανική κρατική τηλεόραση.
«Με βαθιά θλίψη εμφανίζομαι για να ενημερώσω το λαό μας και τους φίλους μας σε όλη την [Λατινική] Αμερική και τον κόσμο ότι σήμερα, 25η Νοεμβρίου 2016 στις 22:29, ο Φιντέλ Κάστρο, ο αρχιστράτηγος της κουβανικής επανάστασης, έχασε τη ζωή του», είπεο Ραούλ Κάστρο .
Πρόσθεσε, επίσης, ότι σύμφωνα με τις επιθυμίες του θανόντος, «τα απομεινάρια του θα αποτεφρωθούν.”
Ο Ραούλ Κάστρο έκλεισε την ομιλία του με το διάσημο επαναστατικό σύνθημα: “Εμπρός για τη νίκη!”

Το
Σάββατο, η κουβανική κυβέρνηση ανακοίνωσε ότι οι στάχτες του Φιντέλ Κάστρο
θα ενταφιαστούν στο νεκροταφείο Σάντα Ιφιγένεια στο Σαντιάγο ντε Κούβα
στις 4 Δεκεμβρίου. Η δημόσια προβολή του Φιντέλ Κάστρο θα αρχίσει
στις 28 Νοεμβρίου κοντά στον Memorial Χοσέ Μαρτί  στην Αβάνα. Στις 29 Νοεμβρίου, θα πραγματοποιηθεί μια εκδήλωση στην Πλατεία της Επανάστασης στην πρωτεύουσα της Κούβας. Σύμφωνα με πληροφορίες, η επόμενη ημέρα μετά τη διαδήλωση, η μεταφορά της τέφρας του Φιντέλ Κάστρο θα αρχίσει στο Σαντιάγο ντε  Κούβα  σε
μια διαδρομή που θα ανατρέχει την πορεία των ανταρτών, με επικεφαλής τον
Φιντέλ Κάστρο, τον Ιανουάριο του 1959 μετά την ανατροπή του καθεστώτος
του Φουλχένσιο Μπατίστα.
Η
κυβέρνηση κήρυξε εννέα μέρες πένθους – από τις 26 Νοεμβρίου έως τις 4
Δεκεμβρίου, «δημόσιες δραστηριότητες και παραστάσεις θα σταματήσουν, οι
εθνικές σημαίες, θα κυματίζουν μεσίστιες στα δημόσια κτίρια και
στρατιωτικές εγκαταστάσεις.”
Ορισμένοι ηγέτες χωρών σε όλο τον κόσμο, πολιτικοί και
διπλωμάτες έχουν ήδη εκφράσει τα συλλυπητήριά τους προς το λαό της
Κούβας.
“Το όνομα αυτού του διακεκριμένου πολιτικού δικαίως θεωρείται το σύμβολο μιας εποχής στη σύγχρονη παγκόσμια ιστορία,”  δήλωσε ο Ρώσος Πρόεδρος Βλαντιμίρ Πούτιν σε τηλεγράφημα στον Ραούλ Κάστρο.
Ο Γάλλος πρόεδρος Φρανσουά Ολάντ  , δήλωσε ότι ο Φιντέλ Κάστρο “εκπροσωπεί, για τους Κουβανούς, την υπερηφάνεια απορρίπτοντας κάθε εξωτερική κυριαρχία.”
Ο
πρόεδρος της Βενεζουέλας Nicolas Maduro, κύριος σύμμαχος της Κούβας
στην περιοχή, έγραψε στο Twitter του: «Είναι στο χέρι μας να συνεχίσουμε
την κληρονομιά του και να φέρουμε τη σημαία του, της ανεξαρτησίας».
(…)

Chinese
president Xi Jinping said that “Chinese people have lost a good and
true comrade. Comrade Castro will live forever.” He also added that
Castro was “a great man of our time” and that “history and people will
remember him.”
Vietnam’s
President Tran Dai Quang, who was among the last heads of state to
visit Castro on November 16, said that “for all Vietnamese, Fidel was a
great friend, a comrade and a very close brother”. He also added that he
was “a pure symbol of true internationalism in the fight for
independence of nations.”
Fidel
Castro was born in the village of Biran in a family of an owner of a
large sugar plantation in the Cuban province of Oriente. In 1945 he
entered the University of Havana,
received a law degree. In 1953 Fidel Castro led the assault on the
Moncada Barracks, after which he was arrested and sentenced to a long
prison term. In December 1956, Fidel Castro, his brother Raul and
Argentine doctor Ernesto Che Guevara led the revolutionary movement
against Batista in the island. After the victory of the revolution in
January 1959, Fidel Castro became Prime Minister of Cuba. In 1965, he
became the first secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba and
transformed Cuba into a one-party socialist republic. From 1976 to 2008,
he held positions of chairman of the State Council and the Council of
Ministers of Cuba, as well as a position of the Supreme Commander. On
February 19, 2008, 5 days prior to the expiration of the term of office,
Fidel Castro announced that he refused from a new term in office. On
April 19, 2011, Castro officially resigned as First Secretary of the
Communist Party of Cuba. All his powers passed to his brother, Raul
Castro.
In
December 2011, Fidel Castro was included in the Guinness Book of
Records as a man, who survived the greatest number of assassination
attempts – 638. 
In 167 cases, participants of conspiracies were arrested
and brought to the trial; judicial cases of some of them were
transferred to judicial authorities of other countries. Reportedly, the
most part of assassination attempts was prepared by the US Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) at
the time, when Fidel Castro held office of the President of Cuba. From
the famous exploding cigars to poison pills, hidden in a cold-cream jar,
the CIA and Cuban exile groups spent nearly 50 years devising ways to
kill Fidel Castro, however, they did not manage to do it.
“Soon,
I will be turning 90 years old. I never imagined it and it has not been
the fruit of any labor. It was purely a whim by destiny. Soon I will be
like everybody else, everybody will get their turn, but ideas of the
Cuban Communists will stay as proof that on this planet, if you work
with diligence and dignity, you can produce material and cultural
values, which people need, and we must to work hard to get them,” Fidel
Castro said during one of his latest speeches in April 2016.

Fidel Castro speaks during the ceremony in which President of Venezuela Hugo Chavez was given the UNESCO Jose Marti award for his efforts in education February 3, 2006 in Havana, Cuba (Photo: Getty Images / Mambo Photography / Sven Creutzmann)

Cuban revolutionary Fidel Castro (left) lights his cigar while Argentine revolutionary Che Guevara (1928-1967) looks on in the early days of their guerrilla campaign in the Sierra Maestra Mountains of Cuba, circa 1956 (Photo: Getty Images / Hulton Archive)

This photo, filed June 1957, is believed to be the only existing one of Fidel Castro, leader of Cuba’s revolutionary forces, and members of his staff and troop commanders made at a secret base near the coast. The group includes five captains, the entire top command of the guerilla army. From right are Capt. Juan Almeida, Capt. George Sotus, Fidel Castro, Capt. Raul Castro, the leader’s younger brother (kneeling in the foreground), Capt. Guillermo Garcia, (wearing helmet at left), Lt. Universo Sanchez, Castro’s adjutant, (third from left) and Dr. Ernesto Guevara, (second from left), the official physician of the rebel army (Photo: Getty Images / Bettmann)

Screen capture from ‘Rebels of the Sierra Maestra’ television program, 1957 (Photo: Getty Images / Bettmann)

Fidel Castro speaks from a makeshift balcony draped with Cuban flags in Santa Clara en route to victorious entry into Havana (Photo: Getty Images / The Life Images Collection / Lee Lockwood)

In this April 19, 1959 file photo, Vice President Richard Nixon, right, shakes hands Cuba’s leader Fidel Castro after a private meeting as they leave Nixon’s office in Washington D.C. Castro has died at age 90. President Raul Castro said on state television that his older brother died late Friday, Nov. 25, 2016 (Photo: AP)

Fidel Castro looks up at a statue of emancipator Abraham Lincoln after laying a wreath at the Lincoln Memorial (Photo: Getty Images / Bettmann)

In this Sept. 26, 1960 file photo Cuban leader Fidel Castro denounces the United States in the longest timed speech ever in the U.N. General Assembly (Photo: AP)

Cuban Prime Minister Fidel Castro is seen as he delivers a speech during anniversary celebrations in Cuba, on July 26, 1964 (Photo: AP)

Havana. Cuba. 23rd June 1961. Cuban leader Fidel Castro and first cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin (L-R) during a meeting, 1961 (Photo: TASS / Valentin Sobolev)

Nikita Khrushchev and Fidel Castro visit Georgia, 1963 (Photo: TASS / Vasily Yegorov)

Moscow region. USSR. General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Leonid Brezhnev (L) and First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba Fidel Castro (R) visit the Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Centre, 1972 (Photo: ITAR-TASS / Viktor Koshevoi and Vladimir Musaelyan)

Moscow. USSR. Boris Yeltsin, candidate to the Politburo, and Fidel Castro, leader of the Cuban Revolution, during a walk in Arbat Street, 1986 (Photo: TASS / Nikolai Malyshev; Alexander Sentsov)

Cuba. April 3, 1989. Visit of Mikhail Gorbachev to Cuba. General Secretary of the CPSU Central Committee, Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR Mikhail Gorbachev and Fidel Castro during a meeting (Photo: TASS / Vladimir Zavyalov, Edward Pesov)

Cuban President Fidel Castro, right, and African leader Nelson Mandela gesture during the celebration of the “Day of the Revolution” in Matanzas Saturday, July 27, 1991 (Photo: AP)
2048

Fidel Castro welcomes Russian president Vladimir Putin at Havana airport in December 2000 (Photo: EPA / Sergei Chirikov)

Pope Francis meets Fidel Castro in Havana, Cuba, Sunday, Sept. 20, 2015 (Photo: AP / Alex Castro)

Patriarch Kirill visits Fidel Castro at his home, Cuba 2016 (Photo: Press-service of the Patriarchate of the ROC / TASS)

France´s President Francois Hollande meets Fidel Castro in Havana, 2015 (Photo: Getty Images / AFP/ Alex Castro)

Chinese president Xi Jinping meets Fidel Castro in Havana in July 2014 (Photo: AP/ Alex Castro)

Fidel Castro with Venezuelan president Nicolas Maduro in Havana in August 2016 (Photo: Getty Images / Ismael Francisco)

Vietnamese president Tran Dai Quang was one of the last world leaders to meet Fiden Castro, on 15 November (Photo: AP / Alex Castro)

A poster of Cuban Revolution leader Fidel Castro is seen on a wall in Havana, Cuba, Saturday, Aug. 13, 2016 (Photo: AP / Desmond Boylan)

σχετικά άρθρα